Vagrant multiple servers

#Introduction

In this tutorial, How to deploy multiple servers using Vagrant. I will deploy LAMP multiple servers. I create more VMs, each VM can have its own and different configuration.

My Environment

  • Host OS: Window 11
  • Vagrant version: 2.2.18
  • Vagrant provider: VirtualBox
  • Boxes Vagrant: rockylinux/8
  • Terminal/PowerShell

LAMP server architecture

image 10

Vagrant directory and files will look like as below:

C:\MYDATA\VAGRANT_VMS\PROJECTS\VAGRANT\VM-MULTI-SERVER
│   Vagrantfile

│
└───shell
        common-rocky.sh
        database-rocky.sh
        web-rocky.sh

I created common-rocky.sh script to deploy the common packages as below

#!/bin/bash

#Update OS
# sudo yum update -y --exclude=kernel

#Tools
sudo yum install -y git unzip nc telnet

web-rocky.sh script to install the package Apache, PHP as below

#!/bin/bash

#Apache
sudo dnf install -y httpd httpd-devel httpd-tools

#chkconfig --add httpd
sudo systemctl enable httpd.service
sudo systemctl stop httpd

sudo systemctl start httpd

#PHP
sudo dnf install -y php php-cli php-gd php-curl php-zip php-mbstring php-opcache php-intl php-mysqlnd

database-rocky.sh script to install MySQL server as below

#!/bin/bash

#MySQL
sudo yum install -y mysql mysql-server mysql-devel
sudo systemctl enable mysqld.service
sudo systemctl start mysqld

mysql -u root -e "SHOW DATABASES";

Create a Virtual Machine

Navigate to my working directory

cd Rocky-LAMP
vagrant init rockylinux/8

Configure the Virtual Machine

Edit the Vagrantfile and paste the content below

# -*- mode: ruby -*-
# vi: set ft=ruby :

Vagrant.configure("2") do |config|

  config.vm.box = "rockylinux/8"
  config.ssh.insert_key = false  
  config.vm.provision "shell", 
   path: "C:\\MyData\\Vagrant_VMS\\Projects\\Vagrant\\VM-multi-server\\shell\\common-rocky.sh"

  config.vbguest.auto_update = false
  
  config.vm.define "webserver" do |webserver|
    webserver.vm.hostname = "devopsroles.com"
    webserver.vm.network "private_network", ip: "192.168.4.4"
    webserver.vm.network "forwarded_port", guest: 80, host: 8888
    webserver.vm.provision "shell", 
     path: "C:\\MyData\\Vagrant_VMS\\Projects\\Vagrant\\VM-multi-server\\shell\\web-rocky.sh"

  end

  config.vm.define "databases" do |databases|
    databases.vm.hostname = "database-server"
    databases.vm.network "private_network", ip: "192.168.4.5"
    databases.vm.provision "shell", 
     path: "C:\\MyData\\Vagrant_VMS\\Projects\\Vagrant\\VM-multi-server\\shell\\database-rocky.sh"

  end

end

Deploy LAMP on Rocky Linux

vagrant up

To connect to Web Server.

vagrant ssh webserver
image 11

To connect to the database server.

vagrant ssh databases
image 12

Opens a browser that can access your Server’s IP address

image 13

Conclusion

You have to use Vagrant to install LAMP for multiple servers. I hope will this your helpful. Thank you for reading the DevopsRoles page!

,

About HuuPV

My name is Huu. I love technology and especially Devops Skill such as Docker, vagrant, git so forth. I likes open-sources. so I created DevopsRoles.com site to share the knowledge that I have learned. My Job: IT system administrator. Hobbies: summoners war game, gossip.
View all posts by HuuPV →

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Comment moderation is enabled. Your comment may take some time to appear.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.