Setup Kubernetes Cluster with K3s

#Introduction

In this tutorial, How to set up Kubernetes Cluster with K3s. It is a lightweight Kubernetes distribution developed by Rancher. K3s consume fewer resources than traditional distributions. It’s easy setup and manage Kubernetes Cluster.

Setup Kubernetes Cluster with K3s

First, You need to get a Linux machine

Download the Rancher binary

Link download here. or you use wget command or curl command to get download it.

wget https://github.com/k3s-io/k3s/releases/download/v1.23.5%2Bk3s1/k3s

make the binary executable.

chmod +x k3s

The output terminal as below:

vagrant@controller:~$ wget https://github.com/k3s-io/k3s/releases/download/v1.23.5%2Bk3s1/k3s
--2022-06-05 08:49:28--  https://github.com/k3s-io/k3s/releases/download/v1.23.5%2Bk3s1/k3s
Resolving github.com (github.com)... 20.205.243.166
Connecting to github.com (github.com)|20.205.243.166|:443... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 302 Found
Location: https://objects.githubusercontent.com/github-production-release-asset-2e65be/135516270/88b18d50-2447-4216-b672-fdf17488cb41?X-Amz-Algorithm=AWS4-HMAC-SHA256&X-Amz-Credential=AKIAIWNJYAX4CSVEH53A%2F20220605%2Fus-east-1%2Fs3%2Faws4_request&X-Amz-Date=20220605T084929Z&X-Amz-Expires=300&X-Amz-Signature=54b2aa58e831f8f8d179189c940eb5c38b4df7d4e3e33c18c9376b446f029742&X-Amz-SignedHeaders=host&actor_id=0&key_id=0&repo_id=135516270&response-content-disposition=attachment%3B%20filename%3Dk3s&response-content-type=application%2Foctet-stream [following]
--2022-06-05 08:49:28--  https://objects.githubusercontent.com/github-production-release-asset-2e65be/135516270/88b18d50-2447-4216-b672-fdf17488cb41?X-Amz-Algorithm=AWS4-HMAC-SHA256&X-Amz-Credential=AKIAIWNJYAX4CSVEH53A%2F20220605%2Fus-east-1%2Fs3%2Faws4_request&X-Amz-Date=20220605T084929Z&X-Amz-Expires=300&X-Amz-Signature=54b2aa58e831f8f8d179189c940eb5c38b4df7d4e3e33c18c9376b446f029742&X-Amz-SignedHeaders=host&actor_id=0&key_id=0&repo_id=135516270&response-content-disposition=attachment%3B%20filename%3Dk3s&response-content-type=application%2Foctet-stream
Resolving objects.githubusercontent.com (objects.githubusercontent.com)... 185.199.108.133, 185.199.109.133, 185.199.110.133, ...
Connecting to objects.githubusercontent.com (objects.githubusercontent.com)|185.199.108.133|:443... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 62468096 (60M) [application/octet-stream]
Saving to: ‘k3s’

k3s                                100%[==============================================================>]  59.57M  4.95MB/s    in 24s

2022-06-05 08:49:53 (2.46 MB/s) - ‘k3s’ saved [62468096/62468096]

vagrant@controller:~$ ls -l
total 61004
-rw-rw-r-- 1 vagrant vagrant 62468096 Mar 31 01:05 k3s
vagrant@controller:~$ chmod +x k3s

Start the K3s Server.

sudo ./k3s server

Check your Kubernetes cluster

sudo ./k3s kubectl get nodes

The output terminal as below:

Setup Kubernetes Cluster with K3s

How to manage your cluster

You can run kubectl commands through the k3s binary. K3s provides a built-in kubectl utility.

For example, To drain the node you created.

sudo ./k3s kubectl drain your-hostname

Or use kubectl cordon a node with the command below:

sudo ./k3s kubectl cordon your-hostname

Add nodes to a K3s cluster

We created a cluster with just one node with the step above. If you want add 1 node to your cluster.

On master:

first, you determine the node token value of your server. get token value with the command below:

sudo cat /var/lib/rancher/k3s/server/node-token

For example, Token values the output as below:

K10c94d11d4970c4ac58973c98ee32c9c1c4cb4fc30d81adfaf3ddf405ba1c48b49::server:7b1dcfc180415f105af019717027e77c

On Worker

Install k3s agent

export K3S_NODE_NAME=node1
export K3S_URL="https://192.168.56.11:6443"
export K3S_TOKEN=K10c94d11d4970c4ac58973c98ee32c9c1c4cb4fc30d81adfaf3ddf405ba1c48b49::server:7b1dcfc180415f105af019717027e77c
curl -sfL https://get.k3s.io | sh -s -

Then, the Additional node run command as below:

sudo k3s agent --server https://myserver:6443 --token K3S_TOKEN

Repeat this process to add as many nodes as you want to your cluster.

The result, of Master

Setup Kubernetes Cluster with K3s nodes

Conclusion

You have Setup Kubernetes Cluster with K3s. Further, you can do with k3s such as customize networking or logging, change the container runtime, and set up certificates. I hope will this your helpful. Thank you for reading the DevopsRoles page!

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About HuuPV

My name is Huu. I love technology and especially Devops Skill such as Docker, vagrant, git so forth. I likes open-sources. so I created DevopsRoles.com site to share the knowledge that I have learned. My Job: IT system administrator. Hobbies: summoners war game, gossip.
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