Ansible uses Testinfra test infrastructure

#Introduction

In this tutorial, How to Ansible uses Testinfra test infrastructure. You can write unit tests in Python to test the actual status of your target servers.

Testinfra is a powerful library for writing tests to verify an infrastructure’s state. It is a Python library and uses the powerful pytest test engine.

Ansible uses Testinfra test infrastructure

Install Testinfra

Method 1: Use pip ( Python package manager ) to install Testinfra and a Python virtual environment.

python3 -m venv ansible
source ansible/bin/activate
(ansible) $ pip install testinfra
Ansible uses Testinfra test infrastructure

Method 2: Testinfra is also available in the package repositories of Fedora and CentOS using the EPEL repository. For example, install on CentOS 7 as command below:

$ yum install -y epel-release
$ yum install -y python-testinfra

For example, A simple test script

I create test.py with the content below:

import testinfra

def test_os_release(host):
    assert host.file("/etc/os-release").contains("centos")

def test_sshd_active(host):
    assert host.service("sshd").is_running is True

To run these tests on your local machine, execute the following command:

(ansible)$ pytest test.py
Ansible uses Testinfra test infrastructure

Testinfra and Ansible

Use pip to install the Ansible package.

pip install ansible

The output as below:

(ansible) [vagrant@ansible ~]$ pip install ansible
Collecting ansible
  Downloading ansible-4.10.0.tar.gz (36.8 MB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 36.8 MB 6.9 MB/s
  Preparing metadata (setup.py) ... done
Collecting ansible-core~=2.11.7
  Downloading ansible-core-2.11.11.tar.gz (7.1 MB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 7.1 MB 9.6 MB/s
  Preparing metadata (setup.py) ... done
Collecting jinja2
  Downloading Jinja2-3.0.3-py3-none-any.whl (133 kB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 133 kB 10.4 MB/s
Collecting PyYAML
  Downloading PyYAML-6.0-cp36-cp36m-manylinux_2_5_x86_64.manylinux1_x86_64.manylinux_2_12_x86_64.manylinux2010_x86_64.whl (603 kB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 603 kB 8.7 MB/s
Collecting cryptography
  Downloading cryptography-37.0.2-cp36-abi3-manylinux_2_17_x86_64.manylinux2014_x86_64.whl (4.1 MB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 4.1 MB 11.5 MB/s
Requirement already satisfied: packaging in ./ansible/lib/python3.6/site-packages (from ansible-core~=2.11.7->ansible) (21.3)
Collecting resolvelib<0.6.0,>=0.5.3
  Downloading resolvelib-0.5.4-py2.py3-none-any.whl (12 kB)
Collecting cffi>=1.12
  Downloading cffi-1.15.0-cp36-cp36m-manylinux_2_5_x86_64.manylinux1_x86_64.whl (405 kB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 405 kB 10.7 MB/s
Collecting MarkupSafe>=2.0
  Downloading MarkupSafe-2.0.1-cp36-cp36m-manylinux_2_5_x86_64.manylinux1_x86_64.manylinux_2_12_x86_64.manylinux2010_x86_64.whl (30 kB)
Requirement already satisfied: pyparsing!=3.0.5,>=2.0.2 in ./ansible/lib/python3.6/site-packages (from packaging->ansible-core~=2.11.7->ansible) (3.0.9)
Collecting pycparser
  Downloading pycparser-2.21-py2.py3-none-any.whl (118 kB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 118 kB 12.3 MB/s
Using legacy 'setup.py install' for ansible, since package 'wheel' is not installed.
Using legacy 'setup.py install' for ansible-core, since package 'wheel' is not installed.
Installing collected packages: pycparser, MarkupSafe, cffi, resolvelib, PyYAML, jinja2, cryptography, ansible-core, ansible
    Running setup.py install for ansible-core ... done
    Running setup.py install for ansible ... done
Successfully installed MarkupSafe-2.0.1 PyYAML-6.0 ansible-4.10.0 ansible-core-2.11.11 cffi-1.15.0 cryptography-37.0.2 jinja2-3.0.3 pycparser-2.21 resolvelib-0.5.4
(ansible) [vagrant@ansible ~]$

Testinfra can directly use Ansible’s inventory file and a group of machines defined in the inventory. For example, inventory hosts are the target server Ubuntu.

(ansible) [vagrant@ansible ~]$ cat hosts
[target-server]
UbuntuServer

We check OS and ssh running on Target Server.

To test using Testinfra and Ansible, use the following command:

pytest -vv --sudo --hosts=target-server --ansible-inventory=hosts --connection=ansible test.py

The output terminal as below:

run tetinfra ansible

Conclusion

You have Ansible uses Testinfra test infrastructure. I hope will this your helpful. Thank you for reading the DevopsRoles page!

,

About HuuPV

My name is Huu. I love technology and especially Devops Skill such as Docker, vagrant, git so forth. I likes open-sources. so I created DevopsRoles.com site to share the knowledge that I have learned. My Job: IT system administrator. Hobbies: summoners war game, gossip.
View all posts by HuuPV →

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Comment moderation is enabled. Your comment may take some time to appear.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.